Green S.O.C. (Prof. Luigi Vaccaro)

Research Area: 

Laboratory of Green Synthetic Organic Chemistry 

Research Leader: Prof. Luigi Vaccaro

The research of Green S.O.C. is aimed at the definition of environmentally-friendly and chemically-efficient synthetic methodologies for the formation of carbon-carbon or carbon heteroatom bonds. Organic transformations are investigated to develop a modern and efficient organic synthesis accordingly to Green Chemistry principles

Main features of our approach are:

- the use of safe recoverable solvent deriving from biomasses to replace classic toxic organic solvents,

- preparation and use of new polymer supported catalytic system

- definition of waste-minimized processes based on the use of recoverable heterogeneous catalysts and continuous-flow reactors

- Application of green metrics to quantify sustainability advance of our procedures

- Continuous-flow protocols for valorization of biomass and design of bio-derived chemicals

Green S.O.C. is also involved in the “fully green approach to energy” and “Benign Solvent Design”.

Our goal is to define environmentally efficient synthetic methodologies for the large-scale preparation of organic materials to really contribute to the development of organic photovoltaics as a renewable energy source and to ace innovative safe solvents.


Assunta Marrocchi ( - Researcher

Oriana Piermatti ( - Associate Professor

Luigi Vaccaro ( - Associate Professor  - COORDINATOR

Stefano Santoro ( – Associate Professor

Vadym Kozell (PhD Student)

Francesco Ferlin (PhD Student)

Valeria Trombettoni (PhD Student)

Federica Valentini (PhD student)

Lorenzo Luciani (PhD student)

Ioannis Anastasious (PhD student)

Filippo Campana (post-lauream bursary)

Matteo Cappelletti (post-lauream bursary)


ITALY: Prof. Roberto Ballini and Prof. Alessandro Palmieri (University of Camerino), Prof. Raimondo Maggi (University of Parma), Prof. Maurizio Taddei and Prof. Elena Petricci (University of Siena), Prof. Michelangelo Gruttadauria (University of Palermo).

USA: Prof. Dr. Antonio Facchetti, Northwestern University and POLYERA Inc (IL, USA), greening organic semiconductors;

ISRAEL: Prof. Dmitri Gelman, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (IL), heterogeneous organometallic catalysts in flow.

CHINA: Prof. Xugang Guo, South University of Science and Technology of China, organic semiconductors

EUROPE: Prof. Dr. Lutz Ackermann, Goettingen (D), Prof. Andrew S. Weller, Oxford (UK), Prof. Wim De Borggraeve and Prof. Mario Smet, K.U. Leuven (BE), solid catalysts and flow chemistry, Prof. Carmela Aprile Universitè de Namur (BE) heterogeneous catalysts characterization.


SYSTEA SpA; STERLING SpA, SOLVAY Specialty Polymers Italy SpA., ELETTRA Srl.; Johnson Matthey UK, 

Research Projects: 

Research projects 

- 2010-2013 FIRB –Futuro in Ricerca 2009 Innovative sustainable synthetic methodologies for C-H activation processes.


- 2012 " Employment of the automated cyclic continuous-flow reactor technology for the clean large-scale fabrication of organic solar cells", Israel-Italy Joint Innovation Program for Scientific and Technological Cooperation in R&D.


- H-CCAT within NMPB call of Horizon 2020: for more info go to


-Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio Perugia 2016- Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica


 “Preparazione di bioadditivi per biocarburanti derivanti da biomassa lignocellulosica”.


Luigi Vaccaro: invited talk at Achema 2018, 11-15 Giugno 2018, Frankfurt (DE),

Luigi Vaccaro: invited talk at Photo4Future 2017, 13 Dicembre 2017, Toledo (Spain), 
Luigi Vaccaro: invited talk at CPAC Rome Workshop 2018, March 19-21, 2018, University of Washington Rome Center, Rome, Italy

Luigi Vaccaro: invited talk at the PACIFICHEM 2015, 13-21 Dicembre 2015, Honolulu (US),

Assunta Marrocchi, Invited talk at PACIFICHEM 2015, 13-21 Dicembre 2015, Honolulu (USA)
Symposium on "Advanced Materials for Photonics and Electronics: Fundamentals and Applications"; Session: "Recognizing the Research of Tobin J. Marks"

Luigi Vaccaro: invited talk at the "XXXVI Convegno della Divisione di Chimica Organica - CDCO 2015", 13-17 Settembre 2015, Bologna,

Assunta MArrocchi, Invited Seminar at Institut fur Organische Chemie, Technische Universitaet  Braunschweig (Germany) "Organic Materials Synthesis for Optoelectronic Device Fabrication and Testing"

Luigi Vaccaro: Scientific Committee of the "3° Workshop Nazionale GRUPPO INTERDIVISIONALE GREEN CHEMISTRYCHIMICA SOSTENIBILE", 12 Giugno 2015, Portici (NA),

Luigi Vaccaro: Scientific Committee of the First Green Chemistry School, 27-29 September 2015, Verbania.

Luigi Vaccaro: Scientific Committee of the ExpoChimica, Bologna 25-27 Novemmbre 2015

Italian Guests: 


Foreign Guests: 

Prof. C. Oliver Kappe, University of Graz

Prof. Rafael Luque, University of Cordoba

Prof. Lutz Ackermann, University of Goettingen

Prof. Andrew Weller, University of Oxford

Prof. Darren J. Dixon, University of Oxford


Prof. Dmitri Gelman, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Ph.D. Students: 

Vadym Kozell, Novel polymers for heterogenous catalytic systems

Valeria Trombettoni, Novel catalytic systems for the preparation of chemicals from biomass.

Francesco Ferlin, Heterogenous approaches to C-H activation processes

Federica Valentini, Novel catalytic heterogeneous systems for metal-catalyzed transformations

Lorenzo Luciani, Novel safe solvents for waste minimized protocols

Ioannis Anastasiou, Henetrogeneous approaches to oxidative C‑H functionalization reactions

Thesis Students: 

Chiara Pennetta, Solid Organic Catalysts for Hydroformilation and Carbonylation Reactions, currently at K. U. Leuven in Prof. W. de Borggraeve group, (Master thesis Scienze Chimiche).


Tommaso Giannoni, Studio dell'attività catalitica di Pd immobilizzato su ZrPGly nelle reazioni di Suzuki e di Heck, (Bachelor thesis Chimica)


Simone Ziarelli, Novel reaction media, A sustainable approach to Catellani reaction, (Master thesis Scienze Chimiche).


Bruno Rossetti, Solid Organic Catalyst, Synthesis of a novel pincer to immobilize metal catalysts, (Master thesis Scienze Chimiche).


Maurizio Cuomo, Useful biochemical from biomasses, (Master thesis Biotecnologie Industriali).


Roberta Saccomandi, A sustainable approach to C-H functionalization, Erasmus student at the University of Goettingen under the supervisone of Prof. L. Ackermann, (Master thesis Scienze Chimiche).


John Anastasiou, A synthetic strategy to access novel imidazolium-based pincers, (Bachelor thesis Chimica).


Nicola Taurisano, Solid fluoride sources to promote the acetylene addition to carbonyls, (Bachelor thesis Chimica).


Aurora Lombi, Novel biobased medium for the synthesis of 1,2,3-triazoles via click reaction, (Bachelor thesis Chimica)


Camilla Melone, Solid Fluorid-promoted synthesis of bis-propargyl alcohols, (Bachelor thesis Chimica)


Mattia Francesco Bruni, heterogenous approaches to C-H activation, (Bachelor thesis Chimica)


Daniele Sciosci, Novel heterogenous support for metal catalysts, (Bachelor thesis Chimica)



Alessandro Porciello, Heterogenous solid acid for the synthesis of biobased fuel additives, (Bachelor thesis Chimica)

Lecturers Mobility: 

Assunta MArrocchi, April 2015: Visiting lecturer at the  University of Malta, Department of Conservation and Built Heritage, Faculty for the Built Environment.

Students Mobility: 

Adrien Comes, University of Namur, incoming Erasmus student (Placement)

Micheal McLaughlin, IREU student funded by the ACS within the program funded by National Science Foundation under award number CHE-0755206.

Chiara Pennetta, outgoing Erasmus student, KU Leuven (BE).

Roberta Saccomandi,  outgoing Erasmus student, University of Goettingen (D).

Lorenzo Luciani, outgoing Erasmus student, University of Cardiff (UK).

Ioannis Anastasiou, outgoing Erasmus student, University of Oxford (UK).

Mahin Ramezani, Visting PhD student from Iran

Dace Rasina, visiting PhD student from Lativan Institue of Chemistry, Riga, Latvia

Fariba Rahmani, Visiting student from Iran

Arianna Kahler-Quesada, IREU student from Oregon State University May-August 2015.

Soliver Fusi, IREU student from University of Maryland May-August 2016

Emili Goff, visiting student from Cardiff University, academic year 2016/2017

Hamed Mahmoudi, visiting PhD student from Teheran University

Tayyebeh Mahdavi Abbasabadi, visiting student from Teheran University

Contracts and Accords: 


Selected Publications: 




  1. V. Trombettoni, L. Bianchi, A, Zupanic, A. Porciello, M. Cuomo, O. Piermatti, L. Vaccaro, "Immobilized Palladium Nanoparticles on Zirconium Carboxy-Aminophosphonates Nanosheets as an Efficient Recoverable Heterogeneous Catalyst for Suzuki–Miyaura and Heck Coupling, Catalysts, 2017, 7, 235‑ doi: 10.3390/catal7080235.
  2. L. Vaccaro, M. Curini, F. Ferlin, D. Lanari, A. Marrocchi, O. Piermatti, V. Trombettoni “Definition of green synthetic tools based on safer reaction media, heterogeneous catalysis, and flow technology”, Pure Appl. Chem. 2017, DOI 10.1515/pac-2017-0409
  3. Vadym Kozell, Tommaso Giannoni, Morena Nocchetti, Riccardo Vivani, O. Piermatti,  L. Vaccaro, "Immobilized Palladium Nanoparticles on Zirconium Carboxy-Aminophosphonates Nanosheets as an Efficient Recoverable Heterogeneous Catalyst for Suzuki–Miyaura and Heck Coupling, Catalysts, 2017, in press doi:10.3390/catal7060186.
  4. L. Vaccaro, S. Santoro, M. Curini, D. Lanari, The emerging use of γ-valerolactone as a green solvent, Chem. Today 2017, 35 (2), 46-48.
  5. N. S. Maram, M. Jelvehgari, L. Vaccaro, D- Lanari, L. Mafakher, A. Z. Ahmady, Preparation of Vancomycin Hydrochloride Nanoparticles and Survey of the Factors Influence their Properties, Oriental J. Chem. 2017, 33, 575‑583.
  6. F. Ferlin, S. Santoro, L. Ackermann, L. Vaccaro, Heterogeneous C–H Alkenylations in Continuous-Flow: Oxidative Palladium-Catalysis in a Biomass-Derived Reaction Medium, Green Chem., 2017, 19, 2510‑2514.
  7. “Sustainable Flow Chemistry: Methods and Applications”, L. Vaccaro: editor Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2017,
  8. S. Santoro, F. Ferlin, L. Luciani, L. Ackermann, L. Vaccaro, Biomass-derived solvents as effective media for cross-coupling reactions and C–H functionalization processes, Green Chem., 2017,19, 1601-1612, HOT ARTICLE.
  9. J. Pina, D. Santos Sarmento, M. Accoto, P. L. Gentili, A. M. Galvão, L. Vaccaro, J. S. Seixas de Melo, Excited State Proton Transfer in Indigo, J. Phys. Chem. B, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2017, 121, 2308–2318.
  10. D. Lanari, O. Piermatti, C. Morozzi, S. Santoro, L. Vaccaro, Recent Applications of Solid-Supported Ammonium Fluorides in Organic Synthesis, Synthesis 2017, 49, 973‑980.
  11. L. Vaccaro, Il ruolo della chimica nella realizzazione del moderno concetto di sotenibilità, Ingenium, 2017, 17‑21.
  12. A. Marrocchi, A. Facchetti, D. Lanari, S. Santoro, L. Vaccaro, Click-chemistry approaches to p-conjugated polymers for organic electronics applications, Chem. Sci., 2016, 7, 6298–6308.
  13. L. Vaccaro, Green chemistry, Beilstein J. Org. Chem. 2016, 12, 2763–2765.
  14. D. Rasina, A. Lombi, S Santoro, F. Ferlin, L. Vaccaro, Searching for novel reusable biomass-derived solvents: furfuryl alcohol/water azeotrope as a medium for waste-minimised copper-catalysed azide–alkyne cycloaddition, Green Chem., 2016, 18, 6380–6386.
  15. V. Santacroce, F. Bigi, A Casnati, R. Maggi, L. Storaro, E. Moretti, L. Vaccaro, G. Maestri, Selective monomethyl esterification of linear dicarboxylic acids with bifunctional alumina catalysts, Green Chem., 2016, 18, 5764–5768.
  16. V. Kozell, M. McLaughlin, G. Strappaveccia, S. Santoro, L. A. Bivona, C. Aprile, M. Gruttadauria, L. Vaccaro, Sustainable Approach to Waste-Minimized Sonogashira Cross-Coupling Reaction Based on Recoverable/Reusable Heterogeneous Catalytic/Base System and Acetonitrile Azeotrope, ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2016, 4, 7209−7216.
  17. D. Rasina, A. Kahler-Quesada, S. Ziarelli, S. Warratz, H. Cao, S. Santoro, L. Ackermann, L. Vaccaro . Heterogeneous Palladium-Catalysed Catellani Reaction in Biomass-Derived γ-Valerolactone, Green Chem. 2016, 18, 5025‑5030.
  18. X. Tian, F. Yang, D. Rasina, S. Warratz, M. Bauer, F. Ferlin. L. Vaccaro, L. Ackermann. C–H Arylations of 1,2,3-Triazoles by Reusable Heterogeneous Palladium Catalysts in Biomass-Derived γ-Valerolactonerogeneous, Chem. Commun. 2016, 52, 9777‑9780.
  19. D. Lanari, M. Alonzi, F. Ferlin, S. Santoro, L. Vaccaro. A Catalytic Peterson-like Synthesis of Alkenyl Nitriles. Org. Lett. 2016, 18, 2680–2683.
  20. G. Strappaveccia, T. Angelini, L. Bianchi, S. Santoro, O. Piermatti, D. Lanari, L. Vaccaro . Synthesis of β-Cyano Ketones Promoted by a Heterogeneous Fluoride Catalyst. Adv. Synth. Catal. 2016, 358, 2134‑2139.
  21. S. Santoro, S. Kozhushkov, L. Ackermann, L. Vaccaro. Heterogeneous Catalytic Approaches in C–H Activation Reactions. Green Chem., 2016,18, 3471‑3493.
  22. G. Strappaveccia, S. Ziarelli, S. Santoro, D. Lanari, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro . PS-BEMP as a Basic Catalyst for Phospha-Michael Addition of α,β-Unsaturated Ketones. Org. Biomol. Chem. 2016, 14, 3521‒3525. highlighted in Synfacts 2016, 12 (07), 0759.
  23. M. P. Bracciale, A. Broggi, E. Bartollini, F. Sbardella, M. Poldi, A. Marrocchi, M. L. Santarelli, L. Vaccaro . Preparation and characterization of cross-linked polymer supports for catalysts immobilization. Int. J. Eng. Res. Sci. 2016, 2, 166‒189.
  24. E. Ballerini, R. Maggi, F. Pizzo, D. Gelman, O. Piermatti, L. Vaccaro. An efficient and waste minimized one-pot procedure for the preparation of N-Boc-γ-amino alcohols starting from α,β-unsaturated ketones in flow. Org. Process Res. Dev.2016, 20, 474–479.
  25. A. Marrocchi, A. Facchetti, C. Petrucci, D. Lanari, L. Vaccaro. Current synthetic tools for the preparation of semiconducting polymers. Energy Environ. Sci., 2016, 9, 763‒786.
  26. M. Tassi, E. Bartollini, P. Adriaensens, L. Bianchi, B. Barkakaty, R. Carleer, J. Chen, D. K. Hensley, A. Marrocchi, L. Vaccaro. Synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity of novel large network polystyrene-immobilized organic bases. RSC Advances 2015, 5, 107200‑107208.
  27. A. Marrocchi, P. Adriaensens, E. Bartollini, B. Barkakati, R. Carleer, J. Chen, D. K. Hensley, C. Petrucci, M. Tassi, L. Vaccaro . Novel cross-linked polystyrenes with large space network as tailor-made catalyst supports for sustainable media. Eur. Pol. J.  2015, 75, 391–401.
  28. M. Nocchetti, C. Petrucci, F. Costantino, O. Piermatti, L. Vaccaro . Highly Active Pd Nanoparticles Supported on Zirconium Carboxy-aminophosphonate Nanosheets as Novel Catalyst for Sustainable Applications. Chem. Commun. 2015, 51, 15990-15993. highlighted in Synfacts 2016, 12 (01), 0105-0105.
  29. V. R. Jumde, E. Petricci, C. Petrucci, N. Santillo, M. Taddei, L. Vaccaro.Reductive Amination of Phenols, a Simple Process To Access Substituted Cyclohexylamines. Org. Lett. 2015, 17, 3990−3993.
  30. L. A. Bivona, F. Giacalone, L. Vaccaro, C. Aprile, M. Gruttadauria. Cross-Linked Thiazolidine Network as Support for Palladium: A New Catalyst for Suzuki and Heck Reactions. ChemCatChem 2015, 7, 2526–2533.
  31. S. Musa, A. Ghosh, L. Vaccaro, L. Ackermann, D. Gelman,. Efficient E-Selective Transfer Semihydrogenation of Alkynes by Means of Ligand-Metal Cooperating Ruthenium Catalyst. Adv. Synth. Catal. 2015, 357, 2351 –2357.
  32. L. Bianchi, E. Ballerini, M. Curini, D. Lanari, A. Marrocchi, C. Oldani, L. Vaccaro. Aquivion PFSA as a Novel Solid and Reusable Acid Catalyst in the Synthesis of 2-Pyrrolidin-2-ones in Flow. ACS Sus. Chem. Eng. 2015, 3, 1873−1880.
  33. E. Ballerini, M. Curini, D. Gelman, D. Lanari, O. Piermatti, F. Pizzo, S. Santoro, L. Vaccaro. waste minimized multistep preparation in flow of βamino acids starting from α,β-Unsaturated carboxylic acids. ACS Sus. Chem. Eng. 2015, 3, 1221‑1226.
  34. C. Petrucci, L. Vaccaro. Prodotti chimici dalle biomasse: il γ-valerolattone, alternativa sostenibile ai solventi dipolari aprotici in reazioni di cross-coupling. La Chimica e l’Industria (ISSN 0009-4315)- 2015, 97, 52‑58. DOI:
  35. C. Petrucci, M. Cappelletti, O. Piermatti, M. Nocchetti, M. Pica, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro . Immobilized palladium nanoparticles on potassium zirconiumphosphate as an efficient recoverable heterogeneous catalyst for aclean Heck reaction in flow. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chemical 2015, 401, 27–34.
  36. G. Strappaveccia,L. Luciani, E. Bartollini, A. Marrocchi, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro. Searching for a biomass derived safer dipolar aprotic medium. γ-Valerolactone as an alternative medium for a greener Sonogashira reaction. Green Chem, 2015, 17, 1071–1076.
  37. J. Andraos, E. Ballerini, L. Vaccaro. A comparative approach to the most sustainable protocol for the β-azidation of α,β-unsaturated ketones and acids. Green Chem. 2015, 17 913–925.
  38. G. Strappaveccia,E. Ismalaj, C. Petrucci, D. Lanari, A. Marrocchi, M. Drees,A. Facchetti, L. Vaccaro. Biomass-derived safe medium to replace toxic dipolar solvents and access cleaner Heck coupling reactions. Green Chem. 2015, 17, 365‑372.
  39. C. Petrucci, G. Strappaveccia, F. Giacalone, M. Gruttadauria, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro. An E-factor minimized protocol for a sustainable and efficient Heck reaction in flow. ACS Sus. Chem. 2014, 2, 2813−2819.
  40. S. Bonollo, A. Zarei Ahmady, C. Petrucci, A. Marrocchi, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro. A Catalytic Approach to the Metal-Free Reaction of Epoxides with Ketene Silyl Acetals for Accessing γLactones, Org. Lett. 2014, 16, 5721‑5723.
  41. E. Ismalaj, G. Strappaveccia, E. Ballerini, F. Elisei, O. Piermatti, D. Gelman, L. Vaccaro. γ-Valerolactone as a renewable dipolar aprotic solvent deriving from biomass degradation for the Hiyama reaction. ACS Sus. Chem. Eng. 2014, 2, 2461-2464.
  42. L. Vaccaro, G. Strappaveccia, D. Lanari, A. Marrocchi. Flow approaches towards sustainability. Green Chem. 2014, 16, 3680‑3704.
  43. E. Ballerini, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro. Waste minimized synthesis of γ-nitroketones. Proven Green Syntheses, Volume 1, CRC Press. 2014, pp. 109‑119.
  44. E. Ismalaj, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro. Environmentally-friendly synthesis of norstatines in water. Proven Green Syntheses, Volume 1, CRC Press. 2014, pp. 191‑202.
  45. C. Pavia, F. Giacalone, L. A. Bivona, A. M. P. Salvo, C. Petrucci, G. Strappaveccia, L. Vaccaro, C. Aprile, M. Gruttadauria. Evidences of release and catch mechanism in the Heck reactioncatalyzed by palladium immobilized on highlycross-linked-supported imidazolium salts. J. Mol Catal. A: Chem. 2014, 387, 57–62.
  46. A. Broggi, I. Tomasi, L. Bianchi, A. Marrocchi, L. Vaccaro. Small Molecular Aryl Acetykenes: chemically taioloring high-efficiency organic semicoductors for solar cells and field-effect transistors. ChemPlusChem 2014, 79, 486‑507.
  47. T. Angelini, S. Bonollo, E. Ballerini, D. Lanari, R. Maggi, G. Sartori, L. Vaccaro. Multistep flow procedure for the waste-minimized preparation of N-Boc-β-amino ketones. J. Flow Chem. 2014, 4, 40‑43.
  48. M. Angeloni, O. Piermatti, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro. Synthesis of new supported L-proline on zirconium phosphonates as effective catalysts for direct asymmetric aldol addition. Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2014, 1716‑1726. highlighted in SYNFACTS 2014, 650.
  49. A. Marrocchi, M. Gruttadauria, L. Vaccaro. Nuovi strumenti sintetici per la sintesi sostenibile di semiconduttori organici. La chimica e l’Industria 2013, 115‑119.
  50. M. Alonzi, M. P. Bracciale, A. Broggi, D. Lanari, A. Marrocchi, M. L. Santarelli, L. Vaccaro. Synthesis and characterization of novel polystyrene-supported TBD catalysts and their use in the Michael addition for the synthesis of Warfarin and its analogues. J. Catal. 2014, 309, 260–267.
  51. O. Cohen, O. Grossman, L. Vaccaro, D. Gelman. Synthesis of chiral nonracemic PC(sp3)P pincer ligands. J. Organom. Chem. 2014, 750, 13‑16.
  52. C. G. Piscopo, G. Sartori, J. A. Mayoral, D. Lanari, L. Vaccaro, R. Maggi. Study on the influence of a sustainable medium for the design of multistep processes: three-component synthesis of 2-nitroamines. Synlett 2013, 24, 2596-2600.
  53. M. Alonzi, D. Lanari, A. Marrocchi, L. Vaccaro . Synthesis of polymeric semiconductors by surface-initiated approach. RSC Advances. invited review article, 2013, 3, 23909- 23923.
  54. E. Ballerini, P. Crotti, I. Frau, D. Lanari, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro. A waste-minimized protocol for the preparation of 1,2-azido alcohols and 1,2-amino alcohols. Green Chem. 2013, 15, 2394-2400. HOT PAPER, cover journal accepted for publication.
  55. S. Musa, S. Fronton, L. Vaccaro, D. Gelman. Bifunctional Ruthenium(II) PCP Pincer Complexes and Their Catalytic Activity in Acceptorless Dehydrogenative Reactions. Organometallics 2013, 32, 3069−3073.
  56. C. Pavia, E. Ballerini, L. A. Bivona, F. Giacalone, C. Aprile, L. Vaccaro, M. Gruttadauria. Palladium Supported on Cross-Linked Imidazolium Network on Silica as Highly Sustainable Catalysts for the Suzuki Reaction under Flow Conditions. Adv. Synth. Catal., 2013, 355, 2007 – 2018. 
  57. T. Angelini, S. Bonollo, D. Lanari, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro. E-Factor minimized hydrophosphonylation of aldehydes catalyzed by polystyryl-BEMP under solvent-free conditions. Org. Biomol. Chem., 2013, 11, 5042–5046. highlighted in SYNFACTS 2013, 1133.
  58. E. Bartollini, M. Seri, S. Tortorella, A. Facchetti, T. J. Marks, A. Marrocchi, L. Vaccaro. Sustainable synthetic approach to p-conjugated arylacetylenic semiconductors for bulk heterojunction solar cells. RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 9288–9295. 
  59. S. Bonollo, D. Lanari, L. Vaccaro. (R,R)-6,6-Bis(1-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2,2-bipyridine, Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, Wiley 2012.
  60. G. Strappaveccia, D. Lanari, D. Gelman, F. Pizzo, O. Rosati, M. Curini, L. Vaccaro. Efficient synthesis of cyanohydrin trimethylsilyl ethers via 1,2-chemoselective cyanosilylation of carbonyls. Green Chem. 2013, 199–204. 
  61. A. Marrocchi, D. Lanari, A. Facchetti, L. Vaccaro. Poly(3-hexylthiophene): synthetic methodologies and properties in bulk heterojunction solar cells. Energy Env. Sci. 2012, 5, 8457-8474.
  62. S. Gabrielli, A. Palmieri, D. Panmand, D. Lanari, L. Vaccaro, R. Ballini. β-Nitroacrylates as Key Starting Materials for the One-Pot Synthesis of Densely Functionalized Penta-Substituted Anilines. Tetrahedron, 2012, 68, 8231-8235.
  63. T. Angelini, S. Bonollo, D. Lanari, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro . A Protocol for Accessing the βAzidation of α,β-Unsaturated Carboxylic Acids. Org. Lett. 2012, 14, 4610-4613.
  64. D. Lanari, O. Piermatti, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro . Cu(OTf)2/SDS-catalyzed preparation of 1,2-diphenyl-2,3-dihydro-4-pyridones in acidic aqueous medium. Synthesis 2012, 2181 2184.
  65. D. Lanari, O. Piermatti, F. Pizzo, L. Vaccaro. Green Solvents I: Properties and Applications in Chemistry, A. Mohammad and Inamuddin (eds.), Springer, 2012.
  66. L. Vaccaro. New synthetic tools for the definition of sustainable continuous flow reactors. La chimica e l’Industria 2012, 64‑68.
  67. P. Wolfer, M. L. Santarelli, L. Vaccaro, A. Broggi, D. Lanari, L. Yu, T. D. Anthopoulos, P. Smith, N. Stingelin,  A. Marrocchi . Semiconducting Arylacetylene:Insulating Polymer Blends for Organic-Based Electronic Devices. Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 2012, 140, u08-06 ISSN 0272-9172.
  68. A. Facchetti,  L. Vaccaro, A. Marrocchi. Semiconducting polymers prepared by direct arylation polycondensation. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2012, 51, 3520 – 3523.
  69. T. Angelini, D. Lanari, R. Maggi, F. Pizzo, G. Sartori, L. Vaccaro. Preparation and use of polystyryl-DABCOF2 : an efficient recoverable and reusable catalyst for β-azidation of α,β-unsaturated ketones in water. Adv. Synth. Catal. 2012, 354, 908–916. highlighted in SYNFACTS 2012, 689.
  70. S. Bonollo, D. Lanari, L. Vaccaro. [2]Catenanes on surfaces as candidates for nanoelectronic devices. Curr. Org. Synth. 2012, 9, 188‑198. Invited, special issue on "Functional π-electron systems. Organic synthesis for efficient plastic electronics.
  71. A. Marrocchi,  I. Tomasi, and L. Vaccaro. Organic small-molecules for photonic and electronics from the [2.2]paracyclophane scaffold. Isr. J. Chem. 2012, 52, 41–52. Invited, special issue on "Cyclophanes”.
  72. S. Bonollo, D. Lanari, J. M. Longo, and L. Vaccaro. E-factor minimized protocols for the polystyryl-BEMP catalyzed conjugate additions of various nucleophiles to α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds. Green Chem. 2012, 14, 164-1695.
  73. S. Bonollo, D. Lanari, T. Angelini, F. Pizzo, A. Marrocchi, and L. Vaccaro. Rasta resin as support for TBD in base-catalyzed organic processes. J. Catal. 2012, 285, 216-222.